The European Union has to recognise and put into practice "unity in diversity", respecting the reality of its different peoples and, in particular, the stateless nations and regions which have their own languages, history, economic and social characteristics and political aspirations. The European Union has to overcome the centralistic and technocratic mentality and practises of the States that still predominate in the European political arena.

Nation/Region: Europe

EFA-DPPE proposes that, in accordance with the subsidiarity principle and the political and national diversity of the European Union and as outlined in the resolution of the European Parliament of 26 October 2000 on better lawmaking, the amendments made to the Treaties should specifically include recognition of, and respect for, the political and legislative powers of the Member States' internal political units (component nations and nationalities, federated states, autonomous communities, regions) in their executive, legislative and judicial relations with the EU institutions.

Nation/Region: Europe

The Treaty of Trianon was the peace agreement signed in 1920, at the end of World War I, between the Allies of World War I and Hungary (a successor state to Austria-Hungary). The treaty greatly redefined and reduced Hungary's borders. From its borders before World War I, it lost 72% of its territory, which was reduced from 325,111 square kilometres (125,526 sq mi) to 93,073 square kilometres (35,936 sq mi). 

It also lost 64% of its total population, which was reduced from 20.9 million to 7.6 million, and 31% (3.3 out of 10.7 million) of its ethnic Hungarians, who suddenly found themselves living outside the newly defined borders of Hungary. Hungary lost five of its ten most populous cities and was deprived of direct access to the sea and of some of its most valuable natural resources. 

The principal beneficiaries of territorial adjustment were Romania, Czechoslovakia, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In addition, the newly established state of Hungary had to pay war reparations to its neighbours. The Hungarian delegation signed the treaty under protest on 4 June 1920 at the Grand Trianon Palace in Versailles, France. 

Transylvania and other Hungarian territories like Bánság, Kőrösvidék and Máramaros were attached to Romania. 

“Transylvanism” is an ideological movement created in 1921 by Károly Kós, a polymath leader (architect, writer and publisher) of the Hungarian minority. He urged for political loyalty towards the new ruler of Transylvania, the Romanian state, without giving up the Hungarian cultural identity. His manifesto called “Crying Word” (a clear reference to the biblical phrase of “The Voice of One Crying”, or “Kiáltó szó” in Hungarian) became an important guide of consolation for the loss of the mother country, and an ideology to re-organize the Transylvanian Hungarian community.
Nation/Region: Transylvania
Tuesday, 23 August 2011 16:03

Partitu di a Nazione Corse - Autunumia


Founding conference of the Partitu di a Nazione Corsa, on December 7th 2002 in Furiani. It was there that the PNC adopted its statutes and its strategic framework, set out in the document “Values, Means, Objectives”.

Nation/Region: Corsica
Thursday, 26 August 2010 13:35

Nacionalist Assembly of Lugo Manifesto


The Manifesto takes the form of a programmatic political document whose subject is the Galician people, addressed to the Head of the Spanish State. The document’s central demand is political, economic and financial autonomy for Galicia within the framework of a federation of Iberian nations, including Portugal.

The Manifesto is divided into seven sections structuring the political and institutional framework of the federal state of Galicia, administrative reform, the powers of the Galician government, the legal framework, the economy and cultural, artistic and land management matters. The text recognises the legal personality of parishes, which are endowed with a management and government structure; establishes an electoral system based on proportional representation; demands co-official status for Galician and Castilian Spanish; recognises gender equality; dissolves the provincial councils; establishes an autonomous tax system; delegates certain powers, such as customs and excise,  to the Federal State on the basis of a bilateral agreement; and highlights the need to draft a law to harmonise buildings with traditional local styles of construction.

Nation/Region: Galicia

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